Philip Verheyen was a Belgian surgeon who wanted to become a priest but due to an illness that resulted in the amputation of his leg he left the clergy to become an anatomist. Upon his amputation, he insisted to have his amputated leg preserved for future study. It is thought that his strong religious views made him deeply suspicious of burying one part of his body before the remainder was ready for the same fate. So, he dissected his own leg instead and studied it.
I think, "phantom limb" is likely associated with him.
I encountered this information when my husband was reviewing some medical facts. So, here he is, the anatomist who has a phantom limb...Philip Verheyen!